Under new rules, employers must set up the workplace to prevent employees from falling off overhead platforms, elevated work stations or into holes in the floor and walls. Employers will also have to inspect working and walking surfaces for conditions that could create hazards, including snow, ice, water, blood, uneven flooring, and exercise good housekeeping to identify and correct conditions such as protruding objects or cables across walkways that could trip or otherwise injure workers.
As a baseline, OSHA expects employers to:
- Inspect and provide working conditions that are free of known fall dangers.
- Keep floors in work areas in a clean and, so far as possible, a dry condition.
- Select and provide needed personal protective equipment at no cost to workers.
- Utilize guardrail or other effective barrier systems to engineer out fall hazards where possible, but otherwise effectively use Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAs), train workers on use of PPE, maintain and inspect equipment.
- Provide appropriate ladders or other aerial work platforms and scissor lifts to allow workers to safely access work areas (and train them on the use of this equipment).
- Train workers generally about fall hazards and PPE use in a language they can understand
Here are 10 specific items that changed in the standard.
1) Training required for exposed workers or equipment users by May 2017. This includes general for exposure, roof, equipment, and key individuals (authorized, competent, and qualified persons).
2) Equipment requirements included changes to the test weights of snap hooks and carabineers, and requirements for self-retractable lanyards, including deceleration distances.
3) Changed safe distance to roof edges as well as defining temporary and infrequent tasks on roofs.
4) Modified ladders and stairs requirements starting in 2018 and required safety systems on all ladders by 2036. This includes requirements for spiral stairs and ships ladders.
5) Guardrails are now aligned with construction industry and codified 19 inch opening requirements.
6) Requires written certification of the workplace assessment to determine if hazards are present.
7) Rope descent systems must comply with 1910.27(b)(1)(i).
8) Documentation requirements include assessments, training, anchors, and walking working surface load rating.
9) Updated definitions of competent and qualified person in subpart D and I.
10) Important compliance dates for employee training May 17, 2017, certification of anchorages on Nov. 20, 2017, existing fixed ladders need cage well, ladder safety system or PFAs Nov. 19, 2018, new ladders with ladder safety system by Nov. 19, 2018, and all fixed ladders must be equipped with a ladder safety system or PFAS by Nov. 18, 2016.
Employers should ensure compliance, safety, and risk management in all tasks. With this in mind, OSHA estimates these changes will prevent 29 fatalities and 5,842 lost-workday injuries every year.
OSHA aligned fall protection requirements for general industry with those for construction, easing compliance for employers who perform both types of activities. For example, the final rule replaces the outdated general industry scaffold standards with a requirement that employers comply with OSHA's construction scaffold standards. OSHA has created a frequently asked questions guide for the standard.
We hope this article is helpful and feel free to contact us with questions regarding implementation of the standard.
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